We can’t stress enough that the timeframes in the above graphic are ranges of time for the Northern Hemisphere. You’ll need to adjust them based on your specific region and local weather and climate.
Even if growing outdoors, a lot of growers will start their seeds inside under an artificial light to help them through this delicate stage of marijuana growth.
Important dates for growing marijuana outdoors
Be sure to keep a grow journal to track the progress of your plants. Looking back on your notes will help you learn from mistakes and maximize the quality and quantity of your buds.
As the sun reaches up high in the sky, your cannabis will want to as well. Make sure all of your plants are outside by the Summer Solstice.
Cannabis plants are considered seedlings until they begin to develop leaves with the full number of blades on new fan leaves. A healthy seedling should be a vibrant green color.
You should also be watering more by this time, as your plant has become quite the beast!
Pro-Tip: Be extra careful with your plant during this vulnerable stage, when it is especially prone to mold or succumbing to overwatering. Your plants are in a very fragile state, and your actions will determine whether they live or die… No pressure..
Live somewhere that’s not warm year-round? Consider when it will start getting colder, to plant after the last frost before spring, making sure to harvest before Fall’s first frost.
Topping is an expert pruning method that trims the top of the main shoot. When done right, it leads to two main colas instead of just one, resulting in a bushier plant with more of those delicious buds!
The cannabis growing cycle can easily be broken down into 4 phases: germination, seedling , vegetative, and flowering — assuming the grower is starting from seed .
Look to see if the farmers near you are starting to fill their fields with seedlings of summer vegetables. In general, they’ve spent their whole lives growing crops and are experts in observing and understanding meteorological signs, so when you see them at work on their peppers and tomatoes, that’s the sign, the time has come. If you don’t know anyone with crops, you can always go to the nearest garden centre.
Make sure that the location your plants will be in faces south; ideally your plant should receive some 12 hours of sunlight daily. Last of all, we recommend that you always use professional gardening materials.
There’s a popular belief that the earlier you sow, the faster the process and the earlier the harvest. This is not true; planting earlier will not result in larger, better plants or earlier harvests. It’s a good idea to control your eagerness and patiently await the best moment, when the good weather settles in.
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Every season is different, it can come earlier or later. For example, as we mentioned above, in the Mediterranean climate, in general, the best time to germinate is in late April or early May. But you can find that, depending on the year, it’s hot earlier than that or it may be the opposite, it might be cold at the beginning and summer extends into the months of September and October. You must pay close attention to these types of variations to be able to adapt the cycle of your crop, postponing it or bringing it forward.
Temperature changes can be fatal during the plant’s first stages; it’s weak and sensitive due to its small size, and if we don’t guarantee continuous hours of sunlight and good weather, they may not grow with the necessary vigour and can even die.
Imagine that the good weather starts, suddenly there’s a scorching sun for two or three days. You put your coat away in the wardrobe and start to bring out your summer clothes; you’re looking forward to the beach, the bar terraces. And you go ahead, yes, you’re full of confidence and you start to germinate your marijuana seeds, because there’s no point in leaving for tomorrow what you can do today. And you do it. After a week your little plants are ready to face the world, planted in their pot and outdoors, enjoying the good weather. A serious mistake.
Now that you know where to start, you have a solid foundation to start this adventure on a good footing. Have a good harvest!