Wherever you live, the springtime is when you see incredible plant growth and new, green life sprouting up all around you. The key to successful cannabis seed germination is to replicate a spring-like condition for the seeds, inducing them to vegetate. This means that seeds should be moist but not soaked, and warm but not hot.
If you’ve never grown any kind of plant before, germination is simply a term for the sprouting and initial growth of a seed. Every plant seed, though tiny, hard and dry in appearance, harbors a delicate plant embryo, water, and even stored food. All it needs is a jump start from you to sprout and begin its life, and there are several different methods for doing this. Each method can be successful, and you may decide to try one or two and see which technique brings you the best results. Think of it as a really fun science experiment, with the ultimate grand prize being a healthy, hearty cannabis plant.
The Paper Towel Method
Next, you’ll want to place the towel-covered seeds into a plastic bag. This creates a humid, warm atmosphere, like a greenhouse. You can also place the paper towels on a glass plate or baking dish and cover them with plastic wrap. Find a dark place in your home to put them while they are getting ready to germinate. A drawer in your kitchen or a closet shelf would make an ideal germination environment.
Check the seeds daily to make sure that the paper towels have not dried. When they begin to dry, simply pour more water on them and squeeze it out gently. Do not let standing water accumulate in the bag or plate you have placed them in. This process should take between five to twelve days. Sometime in that period, you will see the seed casing burst, and a small but strong root will emerge.
An another great way to germinate cannabis seeds is to use a seedkit. For an excellent explanation of how to use the seedkit, go to Zambeza Seeds.
Spread the seeds out on top the paper towel, covering only half the towel with seeds. Space the seeds so they are not touching and there is about 1/4-inch of space around each seed.
Stack two paper towels on top of each other. Fold the towels in half and sprinkle them with water until they are completely moistened but not dripping wet.
Things You Will Need
Slide the paper towel into a plastic zip-top bag. Seal the bag closed to trap the moisture and prevent the towel from drying out.
Set the sealed bag in a warm area, such as on top the refrigerator, where temperatures are between 70 and 80 degrees.
Plastic zip-top bag
Using a chopstick, make a hole 1/2 – 3/4 inch below the surface, using rubber gloves very carefully place the seed in the hole taproot pointing down. Cover the seed with dirt.
Spend time every day observing your plants, and this attentiveness is the best way to catch problems before they start.
Keep the seeds warm at 75 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit for a proper incubation time. Find a warm place on top of a fridge, on a sunny windowsill, or on a seed mat or heating pad. Within 48 hours a taproot will break through the seed casing. Plant your seeds in soil at the first sign of a taproot.
Maintain the seedlings in a sunny window, cold frame or greenhouse. As long as temperatures are between 60 – 80ºF, the seedlings will be fine. Dipping below 50ºF at night can slow growth, so you may want to bring the fragile plants inside in the evenings until they are hardier.
It’s time to sprout your cannabis plants and get growing for summer!
Water the soil before planting the seeds, getting it wet but not soaking.
Begin germinating by soaking a paper towel in water and lightly wringing it out. You want the towel to be thoroughly soaked but not dripping.