Horny Goat Weed Seeds

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Horny goat weed (Epimedium) is a pungent ornamental herb found in Asia and the Mediterranean. The Chinese call it Yin Yang Huo, which loosely means "licentious Ziegenkraut plant – cultivation and effect – looking for a garden plant with double function? Then goat weed is ideal: it graces the garden as a shrub and can be used in many ways. Mix & match plants like a pro! Again, blame it on this long, drawn-out, cold and snowy winter but I am really digging into certain groups of plants and wanting to add more and more of them to the

Horny Goat Weed Medicine Epimedium macranthum

Horny goat weed (Epimedium) is a pungent ornamental herb found in Asia and the Mediterranean. The chinese call it Yin Yang Huo, which loosely means “licentious goat plant.” Legend has it that the name horny goat weed came from a herder who noticed his goats becoming more sexually active after eating the plant. Supplement companies have adopted the provocative name by which it is known in the U.S. Horny goat weed was named epimedium because it is similar to a plant found in the ancient Asian kingdom of Media, now a part of Iran. Epimedium is a genus of many related plant species and some are used for medicinal purposes, including Epimedium sagittatum, Epimedium brevicornum, and Epimedium koreanum. Although horny goat weed has a history of traditional use for disorders of the kidneys, joints, and liver, its principle use is as an aphrodisiac and to combat fatigue.

Other names: Epimedium, Yin Yan Huo

Horny goat weed is a leafy plant that is native to Asia and the Mediterranean region.

Horny goat weed has a long history of use in traditional Chinese medicine .

Why Do People Use Horny Goat Weed?: Erectile Dysfunction and Sexual Dysfunction in Women

Animal studies indicate that horny goat weed may work by increasing nitric oxide levels, which relaxes smooth muscle and lets more blood flow to the penis or clitoris.

Horny goat weed also appears to act by inhibiting the PDE-5 enzyme.

Some evidence suggests horny goat weed may modulate levels of the hormones cortisol, testosterone, and thyroid hormone, bringing low levels back to normal.

Menopause
A study tested the estrogenic activity of 32 herbs used for menopause. Epimedium brevicornum, was one of the highest estrogenic activity.

Safety
There isn’t enough information on horny goat weed to safely recommend it for erectile dysfunction or menopause.

In one study, epimedium koreanum was found to cause significant inhibition of the cholinesterase enzyme. This can theoretically increase the risk of loss of muscle co-ordination and jerky movements due to acetylcholine buildup in muscles.

Drug Interactions
No drug interactions have been reported.

Chen KK and Chiu JH. Effect of Epimedium brevicornum Maxim extract on elicitation of penile erection in the rat. Urology. 67.3 (2006):631-5.

Oh MH et al. Screening of Korean herbal medicines used to improve cognitive function for anti-cholinesterase activity. Phytomedicine. 11.6 (2004):544-8.

Zhang CZ et al. In vitro estrogenic activities of Chinese medicinal plants traditionally used for the management of menopausal symptoms. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. 98.3 (2005):295-300.

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Goat weed plant – cultivation and effect

Are you looking for garden plants with double benefits? They should be easy to care for, highly decorative and best of all they can do a little more. B. Heal? Then you might like a goat weed plant! She is said to have very special powers:

Characteristics

  • Horny Goat Weed is also known as Elfenblume or Sockenblume. Botanical name:Epimedium grandiflorum.
  • These are shrubs with flowers in white, pink, yellow or purple.
  • They grow in semi-shade and sometimes even in the shade and are easy to grow.
  • As a herb, the goat weed plant is said to have special effects on sexuality and general physical well-being.

Grow and care

If you would like to plant the shrub directly in a field of view, you should seek a bright half-shady location for the elven flowers. But you can also use the grateful plant wonderfully to green up bare areas under trees. You would then only have to check if the foliage of these trees let through a minimum amount of sunlight, which also needs a goat weed plant.
The young plants (which you can also prefer from seeds) are planted in the spring after the icy saints, if there are no longer any late frosts to worry about. When the goat weed has grown, most species are very hardy. If you have dug the planting hole, you should first put a good and mature humus in the pit. The goat weed plant is one of the heavy-grained nutrients. Also under the ground to close the planting hole so humus is mixed.
In nature, the elfin flowers prefer to grow in sparse forests – therefore they can tolerate any soil even remotely similar to a forest floor. Your goat weed may therefore be slightly damp if the soil is so far permeable that it does not sink into lakes of stagnated moisture (then the roots could begin to rot). In contrast, a goat weed plant does not know complete dryness, at least the roots will always be able to draw moisture in the forest.
To start, the goat weed needs a lot of moisture. The best thing to do when planting a small groove around the planting hole in which rainwater can collect, which then flows towards the roots. Once the goat weed has grown well, you can always provide a slightly moist soil environment, then the roots can never dry, which could already resent the goat weed.
A wall floor very often has a slightly acidic floor environment. So you can do your goat weed a favor, if you bring in slightly acidifying fertilizer (coffee grounds) or mulch (needle litter). And on the other hand, you should be careful to skip the goat weed if you apply lime powder somewhere in the garden (which tends to alter the pH of the soil in the alkaline direction).
Once your goat weed has established, it’s hard to stop. You should even prune the plants every year in the spring about a hand’s breadth, which helps in the development of flowers. The always focused on nutrients Elfenblume also happy to start the season on a strong composting on the ground between the plants, more care does not need the undemanding plant.

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effect

The goat weeds are said to have very special powers, which is why it is called in Chinese medicine “Yin Yang Hou” , the English press with their “Horny goat weed”, the “Geilen goat (un) herb” something clearer. Probably the name in both languages ​​goes back to similar observations of shepherds whose goats (the only animals that fearlessly eat the prickly ciliate leaves) showed unusual sexual desire and endurance after nibbling goat weed.
In the meantime, the ingredients have of course been investigated. Found were n-hexacosyl alcohol and the kaolin derivatives Icariin and Des-O-methylicariin, which belong to the flavonoids (phytochemicals). The combination of these substances should ensure that the blood supply to the sex organs is stimulated – it is even called a testosterone-increasing effect and increase the sperm count. In China, the plant has therefore long been used for the production of aphrodisiacs. However, a final scientific study on the ingredients is still pending.
However, other total body effects such as dilation of blood vessels, promotion of memory and lowering of blood pressure are also suspected. In general, the phytochemicals contained are attributed to antiphlogistic (anti-inflammatory), diuretic (diuretic) and antioxidant effects as radical scavengers. Therefore, it is believed that the goat weed as a whole could have a rejuvenating effect.

Beware of the application

However, among the active ingredients are also glycosides and alkaloids, substances that can be quite toxic at too high a dosage. For example, over-abundant consumption of dried goat weed tea is reported by nosebleeds, dizziness and vomiting. Therefore, it is generally recommended to use one cup per day, and careful natures will refrain from self-administration (which will take effect after two weeks) without prior consultation with a specialist.

Mix & match plants like a pro!

Again, blame it on this long, drawn-out, cold and snowy winter but I am really digging into certain groups of plants and wanting to add more and more of them to the garden. One genus that we already have in abundance at Coastal Maine Botanical Gardens is Epimedium. The more I study and look at Epimedium, the more I find to love. This rather large genus has 54 different species distributed around Asia, Europe and Northern Africa. It is in the barberry family but please do not let that make you think that you will see thousands of Epimedium seedlings around your garden like you would with a barberry. The seeds on Epimedium are small and slow to germinate. Epimediums slowly spread by way of stolons, with some species spreading faster than others. Do not expect the rapid spread of a bamboo, these plants, also called barrenwort or bishop’s cap, are slow to multiply. The best way to propagate the barrenworts is through division in late summer after flowering.

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If you want to divide your plants, dig them after they flower and divide the clump using sharp, bonsai shears. Once you have new divisions, cut the leaves back by one-third to encourage new root growth. More details about cultivation, species, and propagation can be found in this article by Tony Avent.

Exactly what is the draw to Epimediums? I would have to say it is the combination of drought and shade tolerance, deer-resistance, evergreen foliage in warmer climates, and dainty flowers that from a distance, resemble some orchids. Yes, they are deer resistant! Which is a good thing because I would hate to see what would happen if deer developed a taste for the plants. One of the other common names is horny goat weed. You can actually buy horny goat weed in the supplement aisle of your local, fancy health food supermarket. Legend has it that a Chinese species of Epimedium was growing in an area where a goatherder was allowing his flock to graze. After browsing on a patch of epimedium, the goats suddenly became more “active,” if you know what I mean. The plants contain icariin, which acts in a similar fashion to the active ingredient in Viagra. Since this is a family show, I am going to stop this analysis right here and again say that I am glad that deer do not like the plants.

Getting back to gardening, the flowers are spectacular. Even though they are small, usually no larger than a couple of inches in diameter, when planted en masse, the flowers make a tremendous impact in the garden. Flower colors range from white to yellow and violet, with many bi-colored flowers. A mass planting of barrenwort gives off an almost misty appearance because the flowering stalks are extremely fine, resembling stiff wires. The flowers dangle above the coarse foliage, with the foliage serving as the perfect back drop to the flowers. The foliage is the perfect complement, coming in different shades of green, with some plants having tinges of red or even some dark purple colored cultivars. One of my favorite species, Epimedium wushanense, has protruding “spines” from each of its leaves. A particular cultivar, ‘Sandy Claws’ has really pronounced “spines” and dark chocolate leaves in the spring. I have written about the species before and now am falling in love with the entire genus.

Barrenworts are still gaining in popularity as a plant to add to the garden. They are slow but steady. If you have a spot where few other flowering plants will grow, give one of the Epimedium a shot this spring.

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