If you’re germinating indoors and temperatures are too high, see whether you can get it cooler with some fans or by opening windows. If that doesn’t work, consider an air conditioner for your grow room to keep temperatures at bay.
To get your grow off to a great start, sourcing quality cannabis seeds is the best thing you can do. Not only will your germination rates be better, but your plants will also grow healthier with better yields at harvest time.
For more information on storing your cannabis seeds properly, see our blog on How To Preserve Seeds.
12. TEMPERATURE TOO LOW
Believe it or not, hemp seeds are a major component of many types of birdseed! That’s right; birds love them just as much as you do. But birds aren’t the only critters that would love nothing more than to chow down on your seeds.
Solution: Only plant your seeds in a sterilised (i.e. new) potting mix as this won’t contain these harmful organisms. But your substrate isn’t the only thing you need to keep an eye on. You’ll also need to make sure your containers are clean, as these can also carry mould and other harmful pathogens. If you encounter fungus problems when you’re germinating, it is best to get rid of the seed and the contaminated growing medium and start over.
If you’re using a hood to keep moisture in, make sure there are holes in this too. Lift the hood frequently to allow for fresh air exchange. Remove the hood as soon as your seedling has shed its shell.
Keep an eye on your seeds and transplant when the taproot measures 1–2cm at most.
Water is necessary for seeds to sprout, but too little or too much can make a huge difference in the chances of success. Too little water means the shell will be too hard, so the seedlings won’t be able to push their way out. Too much water for seeds started in soil can lead to the growth of mold. Seeds can be started in water to help them sprout faster, but once they begin to sprout, they should be planted in soil to prevent issues.
Seeds should be planted soon after they’re purchased, but many people will order seeds early and wait to plant them. Depending on how long they wait, the seeds will likely be fine. However, seeds will become less likely to grow if they are stored for years before being planted. If you find old feminized weed seeds or other random unlabelled pot seeds in an old cupboard that have been stored for a significant amount of time, the germination rate simply isn’t going to be what it would be if the seeds were planted earlier. High-quality seeds can be stored longer, but still may not sprout.
Water only when needed. If the soil starts to feel dry, go ahead and water it to ensure there is water for the seeds. Never let the soil dry out completely before watering it again. If the soil still feels moist, there is enough water for the seeds, so wait another day or two to water. Keep a close eye on this during the summer months especially to ensure the soil doesn’t completely dry out during the hottest days.
Too Much or Too Little Water During Germination
Seeds can suffer from diseases and mold just like the plant can once it starts growing. Diseases can kill the seed before it gets the chance to start growing, and mold can cause the seed to die during the germination process. Fungi can also be an issue, as it can cover the seeds and prevent them from being able to sprout. Once diseases, mold, or fungi start to grow, there isn’t much that can be done to save the seeds.
When growing outdoors, it’s easy for pests to devour the seeds. Bugs like to eat the seeds, and birds will often look through the garden and pick out any seeds they can find. Birds are often one of the biggest pests when planting seeds, even though they will be beneficial once the seeds have sprouted by eating caterpillars and bugs that might like to eat your sour deisel seeds or gelato seeds marijuana plant. Birds can destroy an entire crop of marijuana before it even gets started because they will search the area carefully and eat all of them once they know the seeds are there.
Seeds should ideally be planted within a year or two of purchase to ensure the best germination rate. The length of time before a seed is no longer viable can vary, but most seeds will still have at least a decent germination rate if they are stored properly and used within two to three years. The germination rate will decrease further with time. Proper storage means the seeds are kept in a cool, dark place and away from moisture until they will be planted.
There likely isn’t much that can be done about low-quality seeds to get them to sprout. It may be possible to soak them in water to soften the shell so they will sprout, but the resulting plant might not be healthy either. Even with that trick, it can be difficult to get low-quality seeds to sprout at all. Instead, it’s best to always purchase high-quality
Although the germination of cannabis seeds is a relatively quick and easy process, it is crucial to take into account a series of important factors in order to obtain as high a germination rate as possible. In addition, it’s in our interest that the seeds germinate as quickly as possible, and especially if we want to avoid problems like fungal infection or a low germination rate.
Another common mistake, in this case when germinating in kitchen paper or similar, is to let the seed germinate until the cotyledons appear. If we do this, then the subsequent transplant is very difficult, and it is very likely that we’ll damage the root in the attempt. Additionally, the longer the root is exposed to air and light, the more damage will result, so it is preferable to transplant it before this occurs.
Letting the germination medium dry out
Hi Sean, thanks for your comment. As long as the soil is neither too wet nor too dry, there shouldn’t be a problem with the seeds. They can take a few days to pop their heads up above the surface once they’re planted, the root needs to work its way downwards and find a solid hold to be able to push the seed head out of the soil. Speaking from personal experience, don’t be tempted to dig around looking for them as you’ll probably do more damage than good. The only times that seeds didn’t come up for me were the times I overwatered them, it’s crucial that they get enough air at this moment and too much water can lead to them rotting quickly. Of course, if they totally dry out then they’re not going to survive either. At this stage, I’d just recommend patience, good luck! Best wishes!
So, you should plant the seed with the tip down and the crown uppermost and facing you. Once the seed germinates the crown will serve as a hinge, so that the seed will open at the tip and let out the root. In case of placing the seed incorrectly, the tap root will grow upward and the seedling downwards, which should be avoided at all costs because it is likely that the seedling will not be born.
Cannabis seeds germinate correctly with relatively high temperature and humidity values. It will be necessary, especially during some seasons of the year, to use some source of heat to get a temperature of about 26-28ºC. For this purpose there are many options on the market, such as thermal cables or heated greenhouses. The latter are particularly interesting because they also provide the perfect high humidity environment for seed germination.