Learn more about how Arbor Vita8 produces crude hemp oil and why it’s a great starting point for hemp products. Learn the differences between CBD Full Spectrum Distillate & CBD Crude Oil! We are here to help you learn about CBD as well as supply you with any CBD extract you need!
Crude Hemp Oil Extraction
Before hemp is processed into any number of hemp-derived products, such as topical creams, edibles, or tinctures you must extract crude oil from the dried crop. Arbor Vita8 provides the expertise, infrastructure, and high-capacity, seed-to-sale pipeline that both farmers and commercial hemp manufacturers need to safely and successfully extract, process, refine, and use crude hemp oil.
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What is Crude Hemp Oil?
As the name suggests, producing crude hemp oil is just the first step in the extraction process. Crude hemp oil contains all of the cannabinoids (including CBC, CBD, CBG, CBN, and low levels of THC), terpenes and flavonoids found in hemp. From there, it can be further processed into a range of distillates, isolates, and other refined products – much like crude petrochemical oil is refined into kerosene, gasoline and other types of fuel and oil.
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How is Crude Oil Extracted from Hemp?
There are several methods for extracting crude oil from raw materials. Each method provides its own pros and cons, making it possible for different processors to use different options.
This method turns carbon dioxide into a liquid in order to use it as a solvent. It’s efficient, and expensive, but it will get you a high concentration of your chosen cannabinoid within the final product. CO2 extraction is also completely non-toxic.
Hydrocarbon Extraction :
The solvents in this method are anything from butane to propane, which do an excellent job of separating your desired cannabinoid from the rest of the crude oil. However, hydrocarbons are extremely toxic, and extra pains must be taken to remove the solvent completely from the oil before processing is considered complete.
Ethanol Extraction :
Selecting ethanol as your solvent gives you the best of all worlds by providing a process that’s efficient and inexpensive. Ethanol also evaporates completely during the extraction process leaving you with a safe, non-toxic finished product.
You can also extract crude hemp oil using a non-solvent extraction method, but these processes are very labor intensive, and can lead to inconsistent concentrations of your preferred cannabinoid.
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Deciding which extraction
process to use
At Arbor Vita8, our machinery operates using the ethanol extraction process. Not only is it cost-efficient and clean, but our fully-automated system allows us to produce the best oils at the best cost. Our streamlined process maintains ultra-low solvent temperatures, which means we save you the step of having to winterize your crude oil. Not only that, but we’re able to reuse our solvent more than once, making our extraction system better for the environment.
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What is Crude Hemp Oil Used For?
Ultimately, there are thousands of consumer and commercial products that use crude hemp oil and its refined byproducts. This list includes items containing CBD, CBG, CBC, and CBN — all of which start out as crude oil before becoming the tinctures, creams, balms, and edibles you see on the market today. Vaporizer products, edibles, topical creams and balms – the list goes on and on.
To support so many different uses and products, there are also a variety of refinement levels that take crude into even purer oils and distillates.
This can leave you with one of two primary categories of refined hemp – full-spectrum distillate and t-free distillate.
CBD Distillate Vs Crude Oil
Many people have claimed a multitude of benefits associated with CBD in recent years. This has led to an explosion in popularity and has catapulted it to rockstar status. People using CBD Products have claimed it helped them with everything from pain to anxiety and everything in between everyone is jumping on the bandwagon and giving it a try these days. Hemp is here to stay and definitely making a big splash in the health food industry!
Cannabidiol, better known as CBD is derived from the hemp plant. Hemp is part of the cannabis sativa family and cousins with the far better-known marijuana plant. Whereas marijuana has high levels of THC, a psychoactive cannabinoid and very low levels of CBD, hemp has the opposite with high levels of CBD and low levels of THC. Before CBD can be helpful or even taken it must first be extracted from the plant material which is done in a variety of ways. The three main methods are solvent extraction, steam distillation, and CO2 supercritical extraction. No matter the method the first product to come from extraction is a crude CBD oil.
What is Crude CBD Oil?
Crude CBD oil is also known as Rick Simpson oil after a Canadian man who believed in the healing powers of cannabis and used it on himself to treat cancer along with other ailments. Crude CBD oil is generally a very dark brown to black in color and contains the full makeup of the plant. This includes CBD, CBC, CBN, CBG, and over 80 different phytocannabinoids present in the hemp plant. Along with the cannabinoids it also holds many other phytochemical compounds and natural minerals such as amino acids, iron, zinc, calcium, magnesium, potassium, carbohydrates, vitamins B1, B2, B6, D, omega 3 & 6 fatty acids, beta-carotene, chlorophyll, ketones, flavonoids, pigments, nitrogenous compounds, alkanes, glycosides, water, and terpenes. Crude CBD oil is as close as you can possibly get to the real plant’s chemical makeup as it grows in the ground. Every compound and component of hemp is in the crude.
How to Use CBD Crude Oil
Some people will say that taking Crude CBD oil is better than other methods since it is so close to the original chemical makeup of the hemp plant. This is because of a phenomenon known as the entourage effect where it is believed that all the components of the hemp plant work in conjunction with one another and essentially make each other more effective. Crude CBD oil can be used as-is and some people take it sublingually, under the tongue for a few minutes, or they mix it with food or drink and consume it. Another application of crude CBD oil is to mix it with hair or skincare products and make an at-home CBD rich product. Since the hemp is activated in a process known as decarboxylation which allows your body to use the cannabinoids rather than just pass through it can be used in an abundance of ways that are only limited with the imagination and know-how. Crude CBD oil can also be refined into a more potent mixture through a process called distillation, which produces what is known as full-spectrum CBD distillate.
What Is CBD Full-Spectrum Distillate
After taking a crude CBD oil and putting it through the process of distillation we are left with a full-spectrum CBD distillate. This means that the distillate has the full range of cannabinoids, flavonoids, and terpenes as the original plant. The biggest difference between distillate and the crude CBD oil is that the distillate will generally have a CBD content of around 80%. This means that the distillate is more potent and less of it will be needed to reach the intended dosage of CBD. But it also means that the original profile of the plant is maintained and your body is getting all of the other supposed beneficial compounds found in the hemp plant. Full-spectrum CBD distillate will generally be a gold color and, other than crude CBD oil, it is the closest thing to the original plant’s chemical makeup. Full-spectrum CBD distillate can be further refined into other products such as broad-spectrum CBD distillate which has all the other cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids without the THC and CBD isolate which is generally 95% or more CBD and no other compounds found in the hemp plant remain.
How to Use CBD Distillates and Isolate
Just like crude CBD oil, distillates and isolate can be used in much the same ways. They can be taken by themselves or added to food or drink. They can also be added to skin or haircare products to make a quick homemade CBD topical. Isolate is especially useful if trying to add a specific amount of CBD to homemade products. CBD distillates and isolate also find their way into a myriad of finished CBD products that are sold directly to the consumer whereas crude CBD oil is not always offered to the public. Distillates made from CBD are also now being altered to create new variants in the form of Delta 8, HHC, THCp and THC0. You can find thcp for sale in many product variations but the base of all those products will be the distillate that is created using a hemp-derived concentrate.