Plant tissue culture has been around for a long time. Experimental plant tissue culture first began in 1898, but it didn’t come into widespread use until the 1950s, in the commercial orchid industry. Of course, due to the historic legal hurdles, research in the field of cannabis tissue culture is still in its infancy.
Some plant tissue culture techniques are more complex than others, and some methods may seem overwhelming or out of reach at first to the beginner grower. Currently at THC Design, we primarily use only the most basic, non-GMO plant tissue culture techniques as a method for cloning and for eliminating pests and disease.
Plant Tissue Culture Uses
As we gain greater understanding of the full spectrum of cannabinoids and terpenes found in cannabis, we’ll be able to “dial-in” the genetics of our strains to enhance certain traits or increase the potency of select cannabinoids or terpenes. Designer, bespoke cannabis.
Pathogens will typically grow in the media or express themselves in the plantlets within the first two weeks. By observing the traits of the plantlets, having the plant tissue tested at a third-party commercial viral testing lab, or performing a strip test, we can determine if elimination of the pathogen was successful or not. The successfully cleaned and healthy plantlets are then divided, added to a multiplication media and then moved to larger containers. During this stage, the plantlets must be divided and transferred to fresh nutrient media regularly. We typically get 5 generations of multiplication before the genetics start to degrade.
Another method of cloning is plant tissue culture, also known as micropropagation, or in-vitro propagation, from the Latin, meaning “in glass”. To put it simply, tissue culture is essentially sterile cloning. Multiplying cells and plants in an exponential fashion in a sterile environment.
The marijuana industry is still on a wave of legalization, even if the initial buzz has petered out. What hasn’t burnt out, however, is the research. Legalization has opened up the doors for research, and we see exponential development in science and technology-related cannabis studies.
The tissue culture process is space-efficient and therefore, can utilize space for more plantlets. This, coupled with ideal genetics, offers a yield that is not only higher but more consistent as well. And the result of this? Higher profits for companies and commercial growers.
Tissue Culture Propagation of Banana
Plants grown through plant tissue culture will require a strictly controlled sterile environment, and the plants will need diligent attention. However, this due diligence will offer a reward; the new plantlets will carry excellent genes that will allow for the highest yield in the quickest manner possible.
What drives an industry? Profit? Perhaps, but not entirely. For there to be a profit, there needs to be a demand. And in the cannabis sector, there is plenty of demand afoot.
Banana is a tropical fruit that is consumed by individuals in raw and cooked forms. It is believed to have originated in Southeastern Asia, in countries like India, Philippines, Malaysia, etc. The edi …