Cannabis contains cannabinoids, which helps in numbing pain by acting on cannabinoid receptors in our brain, while opium-derivative opioids interact with receptors, reducing pain and creating a euphoric effect. Opioid overdose can cause deaths.
Opium poppy is a flowering plant that produces psychoactive alkaloids like opium, heroin, morphine & codeine.
Cannabis has been in use in India for over 2,000 years. The Sushruta Samhita, an ancient medical treatise, recommends cannabis plant extract for treating respiratory ailments and diarrhoea. In 1798, the British parliament enacted a tax on cannabis byproducts to reduce consumption.
Cannabis: The Narcotic Drugs and Psychotropic Substances (NDPS) Act, 1985, and excise laws in several states restrict people from consuming cannabis or any of its byproducts. It is also illegal to possess cannabis flower and bud and their byproducts.
Punishment: Imprisonment for six months and/or a fine of Rs.10,000. Under NDPS, consuming bhang is not illegal but several states (through excise laws) prohibit the use of cannabis leaves or drinking bhang.
Poppy: Regulated by the Central Board of Narcotics (CBN), it is grown only in parts of MP, UP & Rajasthan. The two plants are legally grown for pharmaceutical uses. Cannabis is also used in some religious rituals and festivals such as Holi where bhang is consumed.
Any person involved with the export, import production, or sale activity of Cannabis could be charged under 6 months-10 years of rigorous imprisonment or fine which depends upon the commercial quantity of such. The fine can extend up to 2 lakh under section 20 of the NDPS act, 1985.
The restriction arises here due to teens’ unmoderated use, which can make them an addict or cause severe short-term memory. Smoking a pot can lead to lung damages and impairment of cognitive ability. It will also lead to an increase in the number of automobile and workplace accidents.
Legalizing recreational marijuana has been seen as buoyant in tax revenues over the past years in many countries. It had contributed approx—$ 80.8million in the local economy. Research shows that legalizing pot could alone raise to $105.6 billion in federal tax revenue in the upcoming years. The setting up of dispensaries for medicinal Marijuana would also create new job opportunities to roll the country’s economic activity. An excellent example of such can be seen in California and Nevada, where legalization of such made approx. 41,000 direct and indirect job opportunities with $1.74 of labor income. It could also lead to 1 million jobs if approved nationwide. The workers from secondary industries who are not directly involved in the processing and distribution would also benefit from these opportunities. This includes software developers, financing services, construction companies, and many others. It also remains a great investment opportunity to capitalize on the growth of industry and trade on the public stock exchange like Canada’s ones.
If there will be any matter relating to smuggling of Cannabis will amounting to death penalty under the NDPS Act, 1985. Although, every state has its law, which vary according to the trading and consumption of weed or Marijuana. The possession of such can lead to serious criminal offense and legal complexities. In some states like Uttrakhand and other hilly regions, crops like Hemp are cultivated as being a rich plant that needs less water. There are other provinces that are also thinking for the cultivation of Hemp in a very controlled manner. Cannabis is the topmost flowering part of the plant, amongst which Resin hasn’t been extracted. The involvement of it until the Formation of seeds and leaves doesn’t form a part of the cannabis crop. This is the reason for Bhang being openly consumed during religious occasions. Bhang has been excluded under the definition of Cannabis in the part of the NDPS Act.
Let’s know about what the law says upon the legality of Weed in India.
Pros and Cons for the legalization of Marijuana in India
Pure form of charas gets procured from the cannabis after separating the Resin obtained from it. It includes concentrated preparation or Resin, which is also known as hashish oil. In contrast, Ganja is the uppermost flowering or fruiting top of the seed, which excludes seeds and leaves. It leads into Formation of a drink or mixture made from Ganja. The production and sale of cannabis Resin and flowers are prohibited under the NDPS Act, but it allows the use of leaves and seeds with the regulating states’ rules and power. The possession of such found within any person may result in an arrest.