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cannabis sativa hemp seeds

75%) and the water-soluble albumin (

Hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) is a source of nutritious seeds that have been used as human food for thousands of years. The seeds contain nonmedicinal levels (<0.3%) of the psychoactive compound called δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and, therefore, are different from medicinal marijuana. Currently, hemp seed is processed mainly by mechanical pressing to extract the valuable oil, while the residue is used to produce various protein-rich food products. Hemp seed contains the salt-soluble globulins or edestin (

25%) as the main storage proteins. Hemp seed proteins have a high level of arginine and a sulfur-rich protein fraction, two unique features that impart high nutritional values. Functional property evaluations have shown that hemp proteins form high-quality emulsions with oil droplet sizes similar to those of milk-based emulsions. A novel hemp seed protein concentrate has been shown to have >70% solubility at pH 4.0–6.0, whereas most plant proteins are typically insoluble. Addition of hemp seed protein to polycystic kidney disease rat diet led to reduced pathological intensity of renal disease and amelioration of associated cardiovascular impairment. Moreover, hemp seed enzymatic hydrolysates have proven effective during in vitro and in vivo tests as antioxidant and antihypertensive agents. Therefore, hemp seed proteins and hydrolysates have the potential to be used as ingredients to formulate functional foods.

Water retting is another option. The stalks are immediately dried after harvesting then placed in water for a few days. The water softens the outer layer of the stalks and promotes the growth of additional bacteria, accelerating the process. Finally, chemical retting uses acids, bases, and special enzymes to break down the compounds that hold together the strong bast fibers.

As stated above, CBD derived from hemp has a variety of uses. The most official is the FDA-approved drug to treat childhood epilepsy. Beyond that, more research needs to be done but scientists are looking at CBD to treat or ease symptoms of:

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The Hemp Farming Act now requires state departments of agriculture to consult with their governors and chief law enforcement officers on a regulatory program, which will then be submitted to the US Secretary of Agriculture for approval. According to Section 297B of the bill, state hemp regulatory programs must include a system to maintain information on all land where cultivation takes place, procedures for testing THC levels in hemp, and procedures for disposing of products that violate THC content restrictions.

Certain parts of the hemp plant are legal in Australia. The government has more information.

Male hemp plants flower much faster than females and do not produce nearly as much fiber. Photo by: Gina Coleman/Weedmaps