It is relatively common in landrace cannabis sativa genetics originating in Southeast Asia or South America.
The result of this mutation usually manifests itself in the form of huge buds with a really strange looking, repetitive structure, with many more leaves, calyxes and stigmas than is normal.
Polyploidy or Gigantism in Cannabis
Cannabis with Stringy Buds – MamaMarihuana (Arcuma)
Hi Lloyd, Wow, that is awesome, would love to see those pictures! You can send them to [email protected] Thank you so much! 😉
Marihuana Albina – Lubema (Arcuma)
A few years ago the legend of albino cannabis was started; long white buds that made resin much more visually attractive started appearing online on forums and social media, creating an uproar in the community. Albinism isn’t new, and occurs in both humans and animals; it occurs when there’s a lack of a pigment called melanin and it can affect eyes, skin and hair. In the world of plants it works differently; instead of melanin, plants can lack in carotenes, organic pigments that are related to the photosynthetic process. This means that 100% albino plants can’t exist, as photosynthesis is a process that is elemental to their survival and without any carotenes at all, photosynthesis can’t be done.
Albinism is apparent in cannabis in both the buds and the foliage; these plants are quite eye-catching due to their lack of coloring and chlorophyll. It can’t be confused with discoloration due to grow lights being too close; what really happens is that the irradiation from the bulbs degrades the chlorophyll in the plants because the bulbs intensity is much too high for the plant, in turn burning the photo-pigments. This makes for some nice visual effects but affects the vigor of the plant and usually causes them to reduce their yield drastically. Albinism can manifest from germination, which almost instantly kills the plant. It can also manifest during the growth and flowering periods. It’s believed that albino plants that reach flowering and manage to stay alive will trap nutrients and other feed, preventing other plants around it from getting them (if you have a watering system that filters through the plants simultaneously).
Cannabis mutations are due to genes being modified or altered naturally or by man. Just like any living thing, cannabis needs to meet a certain set of standards regarding genetics, such as leaf shape, color, structure, germination, seeds, flowering, shape of the buds, aroma… In this article we’re going to talk about the strangest cannabis mutations that you can find in the world of cannabis.
In Australia there is a curious cannabis mutation called the Australian Bastard Cannabis. It’s not known where this plant came from, but the mutation is present in the leaves and it’s thought that the shape of the leaves helps it put up with the cold in the Sidney Mountains. This strain doesn’t have much THC and isn’t specially known for its aroma or flavor, rather than for its different shape. It’s the perfect plant for guerilla grows or discreet garden grows as it looks nothing like a cannabis plant until it begins flowering. The original and different shape of the leaves make it perfect if you don’t want prying eyes to know that you’re growing cannabis, and Dutch seed banks have already included seeds like these in their catalogues for those that go guerilla grows.
Another important mutation we wish we could replicate is that of polyploidy; living beings are usually diploids (two sets of genes, xx – xy) and we just talked about triploids, (xxy – xxx – xyy) but polyploidy means that plants can acquire many more chromosomes, turning them into absolute giants. These plants are generally sterile, and even crossing two of these monsters can’t manage to create another one. These massive plants tend to grow much faster than their sisters; the branches are usually in groups of four in each internode, making for more foliage and many more buds. Rather than colas, they grow into massive, gigantic balls of bud. These plants need special taking care of so that the buds don’t rot due to their density.
Variegation also means lower yields. A lessened ability to photosynthesise equates to slower growing plants. That said, some variegated plants can grow to be quite tall.
Also known as albinism, variegation is one of the most beautiful mutations of cannabis. This can occur either fully or partially. This mutation results from a plant’s inability to produce chlorophyll. It can occur on leaves, the heads of buds, or can wash out the entire plant in white.
This mutation is very common. Polyembryonic seeds contain more than one seedling. Once germinated, it will produce two taproots instead of one. If carefully handled, these seedlings can be successfully separated into two plants.
Most flower sites on cannabis plants occur at the nodes, where the stalks originate. However, leaf buds occur at the base of the leaves themselves. This is an unusual (if pretty) mutation. It can also be advantageous to yield because the plant grows more bud sites. However, experienced growers tend to remove them as they form; they take up nutrients that can otherwise nourish the main flower sites.
Polyploids in nature are organisms that possess double the number of chromosomes than their non-mutant genetic twins. This trait can sometimes be fixed into plant species via selective breeding. Cannabis plants can spontaneously develop polyploidism. It can also be induced in plants via treatment with a powerful chemical called colchicine.