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Washington state decided to ban and prohibit the use and production of all cannabis and hemp within their territory as part of a worldwide trend that was taking place during the 1900s. Because of the adverse effects that marijuana consumption had on people, many countries including the USA were taking precautionary measures against the said substance. Washington, in particular, was one of the states to veto cannabis and all marijuana products at a state-wide level in 1923. Then in 1937, the Marihuana Tax Act effectively banned cannabis at a federal level all across the USA.

Cannabis rules and regulations:

THE CANNABIS SCENE IN WASHINGTON STATE

SHOULD I BUY MARIJUANA SEEDS ONLINE IN WASHINGTON STATE?

HOW CAN I BUY MARIJUANA SEEDS ONLINE IN WASHINGTON STATE?

There is undoubtedly a solid influence that weed plays in the culture and lifestyle of the residents of Washington. The cannabis tourism industry allows “marijuana-friendly” activities around the state. Additionally, it is also projected that the cannabis tourism movement would result in up to more than 400,000 tourists per year! This would significantly improve Washington state’s economy as a whole.

Then, in the year 2012, Initiative 502 was approved of by way of vote. This effectively legalized marijuana for recreational purposes and established a formal framework for the operations regarding cannabis for adult-use. The law was put into effect in the year 2015. Today, citizens of Washington may now use, possess, and cultivate marijuana for personal use.

If you want to grow your own marijuana in the state of Washington you need to be over 21, and have a Doctor give you written consent. You are allowed to grow up to four pot plants and these plants do not have to be CBD plants. Even if you do not have a major health issue and just want to smoke Marijuana to ease pain from chronic headaches; Pacific Seed Bank has the variety you deserve, and the quality you expect.

Pacific Seed Bank is here to serve the great state of Washington. Whether you are just starting out growing your first Pot plants, or if you are a pro looking for a solid and stable supplier, you can buy marijuana seeds in Washington from Pacific Seed Bank! We offer easy o nline shopping, and you decide what strains are best suited to your needs. Our website allows you to read about each strain at your own pace so you can make an informed choice, pick and choose your seeds with the knowledge of exactly what you are getting. We even offer “Discreet Shipping” options. Pacific Seed Bank will deliver the seeds of your choice right to your front door.

A perfect blend of CBD and THC, CBD 3D marijuana seeds produce plants that pop and effects that will leave you happily wanting more.

Is it Legal to Grow Marijuana in Washington state?

Granddaddy Purple marijuana seeds are a staple on the west coast. With their grape and berry scent and resin-coated buds, they’re excellent for improving sleep and easing pain

If you want to buy Marijuana seeds in Washington, make sure you know what the laws are. Marijuana law s are becoming more progressive. Remember to always know your rights and understand the laws in your state. Washington state allows anyone over the age of 21 to grow pot for medical use only; but the process is much simpler then you might think.

Kahuna is one of those very special strains that appeals to both recreational and medicinal cannabis users alike, providing soothing relaxation alongside a healthy dose of euphoria and creativity.

Every day researchers are discovering that weed is helping in treating different medical conditions, including:

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Cannabis enthusiasts today are as diverse as they come, and everyone likes something different! Whether they’re indoor or outdoor growers, novices or experts, Royal Queen Seeds has cannabis seeds for them all. Want to relive some memories with an old-school strain, or spark up the latest West Coast genetics? We’ll have you covered either way!

In a blazingly short 8–9 weeks after planting, it’ll fully mature and reward you with decent yields. You’ll get 80g per plant with outdoor cultivation, and 200g/m² when you grow indoors. Also note that this is a great plant for growing in a Sea of Green, or SOG!

Cheap Feminized Cannabis Seeds

Auto-flowering cannabis seeds are great for first-time growers and efficiency-loving experts alike. They flower without any lighting adjustment after a few weeks of growth, making them particularly convenient for growers in non-ideal environments.

Costs can build up when you’re growing cannabis, but cheap seeds can really make a difference, especially when you have a larger operation. As it turns out, Royal Queen Seeds have all sorts of high-quality discount seeds on offer. Along with that, we offer all sorts of free goodies like grinders, papers, and even free seeds with every order above a certain price point!

When smoked, Special Queen delivers a classic Skunk stone. As you hit it, you’ll enjoy a mentally uplifting sensation, along with a relaxing body high. It tops off the experience with sweet, fruity and spicy flavours.

Sure. Many newbies are making good progress with their plants. You just have to ensure that you get the right gears and kits to maintain a favorable environmental condition and also ensure you buy your Cannabis seeds from reputable seed banks like us.

However, it is important to note that at AMS, our cheap seeds are in no way an inferior batch. They are still of the same highest standard of quality and would offer the same value in yield and strain quality as you would get from producers of more expensive brands of the same strain.

The choice of cheap cannabis seeds is open to all levels of growers. For beginners, cheap cannabis seeds avail you the opportunity to test your skill and grow your experience without having to invest too much money that might become lost due to a lack of experience and expertise that is required for growing cannabis. Also this way, you can try out different seeds and cultivation methods until you find a fix that works just right for you.

Is it all variants of seeds I can buy for cheap?

Buying cheap cannabis seeds online has never been easier than what we offer at Amsterdam Marijuana Seeds. We offer a simple 3 step process to buying cannabis seeds online and we accept a variety of payment methods for your convenience; you can pay for your seeds using any of the following payment methods:

Experienced growers can also take advantage of cheap cannabis seeds to scale their production for profit. This is particularly advantageous for small commercial farmers without funding or personal farmers looking to scale to commercial farming.

Cheap cannabis seeds also makes farming cannabis a viable venture. Most cheap cannabis seeds are from variants that are very potent and high yielding and as such, they make economic sense for large scale commercial farmers to increase their yield and profit.

Quality cannabis seeds aren’t cheap. If we were to account for the amount of effort put into developing the genetics and ensuring that they deliver up to 99% germination rates, you would realize that they are worth every penny.

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When planting directly into the soil, don’t bury your seeds too deep. If they’re too far down, they won’t have access to enough oxygen, and moisture in the soil can overpower them and cause them to rot.

Among other critters, ants are particularly keen on eating the taproots from sprouted seeds. To keep your seeds safe, use bird netting, ant traps, and other preventative measures like neem oil or slug traps. Check on your seeds often so you can spot infestations and act before they become a problem.

4. SEEDS BURIED TOO SHALLOW OR TOO DEEP

Solution: Only plant your seeds in a sterilised (i.e. new) potting mix as this won’t contain these harmful organisms. But your substrate isn’t the only thing you need to keep an eye on. You’ll also need to make sure your containers are clean, as these can also carry mould and other harmful pathogens. If you encounter fungus problems when you’re germinating, it is best to get rid of the seed and the contaminated growing medium and start over.

Excessively high temperatures in your germination environment can lead to slow and stunted growth, and it can cause your soil to dry out. The optimal temperature for seed germination is a moderate 20–25°C.

Do your due diligence and verify when local temperatures are high enough to set your plants outside. Usually, waiting a couple weeks for higher spring temperatures is worth it!

You need to know the signs that indicate your plants are ripe enough to be harvested. Look out for long white threads (the flowering hairs) that come out of the flowers.

The aforementioned advice is a good guideline but you should be aware that with some strains, it can be much more tricky to work out if the plant is ripe to be harvested. Different strains of marijuana can present in different ways when they are ready for harvest. Some varieties, for example, manage to retain most of their hairs white even when they’re more than ready to be picked.

1. The Pistil Method

After harvesting, you have a whole mountain with leaves and clippings. However, many of these residues can still be used for processing in recipes or tea. You can also compost any unwanted vegetation.

Cannabis, weed, pot, herb – the list of names for the wonderful plant is endless, but, as you can see, the knowledge of when to harvest, while not completely straightforward, is, nevertheless, less complex than it might first appear.

Now comes the technical part; what to look for when looking through your microscope or jewellers loupe:

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Weedseedsexpress ships to the UK and has some of the best cannabis seeds for sale!

Although there aren’t that many cannabis seeds stores in the UK you can definitely find shops that sell cannabis seeds. For example in London but also in city’s like Leicester and Newcastle. Yet most growers prefer to buy their seeds online. Especially because of the convenience, speed and discretion.

Weed seeds UK law: cannabis seeds legal or illegal?

The main reason it is and it will probably stay that way in the foreseeable future is the signing of a treaty, following the Convention on Narcotic Drugs in 1962. This important international treaty – which as such takes precedence over national law – determines that marijuana is illegal, but not its seeds. The 180 countries (including the UK) that signed the treaty, committed themselves to a definition of narcotics that does not include cannabis seeds.

If you live in the UK and are interested in cannabis seeds, it is not always clear what is within the limits of the law and what is not. You might wonder for example: is it legal to order cannabis seeds in the UK through this web shop or via cannabis seed companies like Vault, Gorilla and Attitude seed bank? The short answer to that question is: Yes. It is legal to order and own cannabis seeds in the UK. Yet there are certain points of interest. Therefore we have written this article “Cannabis seeds UK” where you can read everything you need to know before you buy cannabis seeds in the UK.

The knowledge that your purchase of cannabis seeds in this web shop is 100 percent legal is no doubt a comforting thought. Our excellent products guarantee many more such comforts. First and foremost, we pride ourselves in the quality of our products. Our cannabis seed bank promises a 93 percent germination rate and we make good on our promises. Not enough yet? We ship all our cannabis seeds to the UK with free delivery.

But in Gypsy Nirvana, unlike in Marlow or Jones, it seems that there was no evidence that the defendant had said or done anything which could be construed as positive encouragement or advice as to how the seeds should be cultivated. The evidence in the US extradition request proved only that the defendant had sold the seeds. Even the widely and elaborately drafted inchoate liability provisions of the SCA (which postdate Marlow and Jones) could not stretch wide enough to capture the conduct of which the defendant was accused. These provisions could not be used to close the deliberate lacuna in UK law that the mere selling of cannabis seeds is lawful, unlike the position under US law.

Arguably, this is a narrow and artificial application of the dual criminality rule. It is well-established that the analogue offence under UK law does not need to be on all fours with the offences alleged in the requesting state. Extradition practitioners will be aware that, in practice, the UK courts often adopt a purposive (some might say creative) approach to finding a UK offence which maps onto the conduct alleged by the requesting state.

In light of Marlow and Jones, it might be asked: doesn’t the act of selling cannabis seeds constitute sufficient incitement to cultivate them contrary to section 19 MDA or sections 44-46 SCA? What, after all, is the purpose of selling industrial quantities of cannabis seeds, often to repeat customers, if not for their cultivation? Even if the seller puts disclaimers on his website that cannabis cultivation is illegal, that is no different to the defendant in Jones who plastered his shop with such warnings to maintain a veneer of legality.

“it is not illegal to offer for sale or supply the paraphernalia associated with smoking cannabis and nor is it illegal to offer for sale or supply the equipment necessary to grow the plant, books which explain how cannabis may be grown or, indeed, cannabis seeds. As a result, there are a number of shops and other outlets which offer these goods for sale but it is obviously very important that these premises do not overstep the line and incite the commission of an offence.”

Although the common law offence of incitement was repealed in 2008, several statutory offences of incitement remain in force. These include section 19 MDA, which provides that:

To prove an offence of incitement it is not necessary to prove that anyone was in fact incited. The offence of incitement is committed when the inciting words or conduct take place. In Marlow, the book was capable of persuading someone to cultivate cannabis, and it was clearly published and sold for that purpose, regardless of whether anyone tried to implement its advice. Likewise, in Jones, the advice relayed to the undercover officer, together with the sale of the equipment, evidenced a desire to encourage the officer to cultivate cannabis.

In Gypsy Nirvana, the court’s answer to these questions was that the essential conduct alleged against the defendant in the US was trafficking, exporting and importing marijuana seeds. There were no analogue offences under UK law which mapped onto this conduct. The conduct alleged in the US was not described as a conspiracy to cultivate cannabis, nor encouraging or assisting cannabis cultivation, for which there would be analogue offences under UK law.

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This highly productive, fast-growing strain yields impressively high-quality cannabis in just 60 days of flowering. Perfect for cooler climates, this easy to grow and resilient strain produces resinous buds with a plesant citrus aroma and lemon taste.

Some of the best options include:

As any Londoner knows, the capital of the UK is densely populated and that can make it tricky to cultivate your seeds outdoors. Most people don’t even have their own balcony, let alone a nice private garden of their own, so indoor growing is often the top choice in the crowded South East.

Frisian Duck from Dutch Passion

Nevertheless, for those who are lucky enough to have an outdoor space available to them, or for those who are keen to try their hands at guerrilla growing, the good news is that the local climate lends itself fairly well to growing cannabis seeds in London.

If you need to find cannabis seeds in London, you might be surprised by how tricky it is to actually go into a store and buy them in person. Yes, it’s true that buying marijuana seeds isn’t illegal anywhere in the UK (just as long as you aren’t growing them!) However, that doesn’t mean that you can just pop to your local supermarket and pick up a pack!

Here, we’ll look at the easiest ways to find weed seeds in the London area, and we’ll also examine the best varieties to grow in the UK’s capital city.

If you live in the heart of the city, growing indoors will almost certainly be the best bet for you as you’ll be better able to control the odour your plants will inevitably produce. If you do decide to grow outdoors though, you’ll need to focus on compact and stealthy varieties that won’t attract any undue attention in this highly populated area of the country.

Our London seed bank customers love buying their cream of the crop cannabis seeds from our online seed bank

Buy premium cannabis seeds from the London Seed Bank in London Ontario Canada & London UK. LONDON SEED BANK CANNABIS PROMOTIONS ON NOW. London Cannabis Seeds with 100% Guaranteed World Wide Shipping. Make sure you choose stealth shipping for deliveries to Australia, New Zealand and Japan.

You’ll find hundreds of London cannabis seeds destined for your indoor or outdoor grow. The London UK seed bank has the best connections to get your seed delivered to Australia. Make sure all you Australian’s process your orders from here.

Buy Cannabis Seeds in London Online

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when to plant cannabis seeds

Cannabis is grown from one of two sources: a seed or a clone. Seeds carry genetic information from two parent plants and can express many different combinations of traits: some from the mother, some from the father, and some traits from both.

This is the beauty of seeds—often, you can tell which plants or genetics will thrive right from the get-go. This will help you determine which plants you want to take cuttings from for clones or for breeding if you want to create a seed bank of your own.

Cannabis seeds vs. clones

Because only female cannabis plants produce buds and you want them to focus all their energy on producing buds and not seeds, it’s important to identify and get rid of male weed plants so they don’t pollinate females. If females are pollinated, it will give you buds filled with seeds, making your weed harsh and unpleasant.

Cannabis plant sex organs appear on nodes, the points where branches grow off from the main stalk.

Autoflowering seeds are also popular with beginning growers. They are easy to grow because you don’t have to worry about light cycles and how much light a plant receives.

A shallow hole could mean the marijuana seeds will dry out. If you are planting seedlings outside, shallow holes could introduce the risk of them getting disturbed in some way. An easy way to ensure the pencil or pen goes down far enough is to put it next to a rule. You can mark the correct spot before inserting it into the soil.

The next step of planting a cannabis seed is to move it into a small hole. Gently pick up the plant and place it into the soil. Some growers prefer to use a clean pair of tweezers to transfer it over to the pot. It is critical not to squeeze too hard to prevent the germinated seed from getting hurt. Make sure to plant quickly to ensure the budding roots stay safe from excessive light.

Step 3 — Place the Cannabis Seed in the Dimple

Beginners might also put seedlings in coco soil. Coco-based soil usually has enough nutrients to last a few weeks. Some cannabis growers prefer it because it is environmentally friendly.

As beginners learn how to plant germinated weed seeds, they will find that the process is easier than expected. The planting stage only takes four steps to complete, and the results are healthy adult cannabis plants. The steps you should follow carefully are:

Finish things off by spraying the surface with a plant sprayer to make the soil moist. Seeds need to remain moist, so you should frequently check the dirt to make sure it has enough water for healthy plant growth.

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3X Crazy is a combination of OG Kush, Bubba Kush, and Grandaddy Purple. It delivers pain-killing effects against muscle spasms and tension.

Arizona saw quite a setback – a decade and a half! – between the first murmurs of statewide medical marijuana legalization and the official passing of the laws! After a repeal in 1996, medical cannabis was finally allowed through Proposition 203 in 2010, though still, just over half the voters cried ‘yay’.

Fans of indica who are looking for a relaxing, productive and social evening should not sleep on Pokie!

3X Crazy Feminized Marijuana Seeds

Perhaps one of the coolest things about Arizona’s medical marijuana laws – at least as far as we’re concerned – is that they include some grow-your-own rules. True, a person must be no closer to a dispensary than 25 miles to be allowed to plant cannabis seeds and grow their own marijuana plants, but it’s something!

The short answer is yes. The longer answer will quite honestly tug at your heart strings. One of the first cases that supported pot’s connection to epilepsy began with an 8-year old girl named Charlotte Figi, originally from Colorado. In 2013, news broke that pot was able to do what other drugs could not – dramatically reduce her seizures. The strain they used to treat her is now called Charlotte’s Web. Why is it that we often choose Walgreens or the CMS pharmacy over pot? Why is that our guttural instinct as a society? Clearly, smoking pot is the healthier alternative to taking over-the-counter pills with all types of unnatural chemicals in them. We shouldn’t be putting foreign substances in our bodies.

This narrow success is a win either way, though, for patients who want to treat their medical conditions with natural options that have withstood the test of time and politics. Today, the list of conditions for which people can be prescribed medical marijuana in Arizona is quite lengthy (interestingly, it’s longer than many of the medical lists in states where recreational use is legal!):

It can be challenging finding high-quality weed seeds in Arizona, but that’s where we come in. At Pacific Seed Bank, you can buy Arizona cannabis seeds online for a fair price. We’ve priced our seeds at market value, to ensure everyone can afford them, regardless of financial background or salary. Money doesn’t buy happiness, but it can buy weed seeds.

How much you will pay for cannabis seeds depends on the strain of marijuana you buy. Typically, a pack of 10 or 12 seeds starts at around $40. You can expect to pay up to $500 for high-end strains. Again, it is important to only buy cannabis seeds from a legal and reputable seed bank or dispensary — and only if you know you are abiding by state law.

It is also an option to buy cannabis seeds online from an online seed bank and then have the seeds shipped to you, so long as you are abiding by state law. The risk here is that your package could still be confiscated. While it is unlikely that you would face criminal charges, there is no guarantee because of the way federal law treats marijuana products.

In addition to studying your state’s regulations, you should also join local cannabusiness groups and meet with a local cannabis business attorney for assistance. There is no such thing as going into the marijuana business too prepared. Once you are ready to take the step of legally buying cannabis seeds, you have a few options to choose from.

How Much Do Cannabis Seeds Cost?

If you live in a state that permits the sale of marijuana seeds, your best bet is to shop locally for high-quality seeds. This means visiting a dispensary, local farmers market, or seed company in your state to make your purchase. There, you can get the in-person help you need to make your purchase legally.

In the United States, cannabis seeds cannot cross state lines because marijuana products are still illegal under federal law. Though rare, transporting the products across state lines could result in federal criminal charges. This is true even if you are purchasing cannabis seeds in a state that authorizes it and entering a state that also authorizes it.

The same is true for buying cannabis seeds in another country. It may sound like a great idea to buy cannabis seeds while visiting one of the world-renowned marijuana seed banks that exist in places such as the Netherlands or the United Kingdom. But when you re-enter the U.S. with your goods, Customs and Border Protection will seize any seeds they find, even if your plane landed in a state where they are legal. Again, it goes back to marijuana being illegal under federal law.

If your business will include cannabis growing or cultivation, then you are probably wondering how to get your hands on weed seeds. legally. Before taking that step, though, make sure your business has the necessary license to operate legally in your state.

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An 18-6 light schedule is considered the sweet spot by most growers. White light is preferred. The source of light should be CFL, MH, or LED. If you have a sunny windowsill, it can work in a pinch.

The right time to transplant your seedlings is just before they outgrow their current container. With cubes, you can see roots poking out telling you it’s time to pot up. When you start with a cup or small pot, you are relying on above-ground cues. Typically, when the set or sets of true leaves of the seedling have spread out to cover the circumference of the container, it’s time. Also, vertical growth will be an obvious indicator.

THE OPTIMAL CONDITIONS FOR SEEDLINGS

Cannabis seedlings need to be treated delicately. Mind your marijuana like babies. If seedlings need support, prop them up with a toothpick or a cocktail stick and some soft gardening wire.

Finally, gently slide the plant, roots first, into the large container. Replace the lost topsoil or coco with a handful or two over the top and add a little more water. That’s the secret to stress-free transplanting.

The seedling phase is arguably the most important of the entire cannabis life cycle. Whether you grow from seed or clone, the hands-on part of cultivation begins with seedlings. Transplanting is all important. Get it wrong, and the crop could be lost. Get it right, and grow great ganja with this guide.

Your seeds are ready to plant once they’ve cracked open and released a small, white taproot. Plant your germinated seeds one knuckle (roughly 3–5 millimetres) deep with the taproot facing down. That way, your seedlings won’t have to reorient themselves.

When growing autoflowers, we recommend planting them directly in their final pots. Because of their short life cycle, it’s best to avoid putting autoflowering strains through any kind of unnecessary stress, including transplanting. While the exact pot size you use will vary depending on the strain you’re growing and the size of your grow space, most auto growers use pots between 5–15l.

A NOTE ON CANNABIS POTS

• Temperature

• Feeding seedlings

When growing organic, the focus is all about building a vibrant soil from the get-go, rather than growing in a stagnant medium and pumping it full of chemical nutrients once a week. While it’s a lot more hands-on, the taste of organic weed is hard to beat. Just remember that organically grown plants typically don’t provide the same yields as their non-organic siblings.

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Bloom Seed Co. Oni Seeds Exotic Genetix In House Genetics Thug Pug Genetics Humboldt Seed Co. Rockymountainhigh719 Masonic Seeds Umami Seeds Bodhi Seeds

Dude they look expesive.. but as you said authentic..

When I was in college. 83 as a frosh. my turf professor. number 3 rated program in the nation. had recently started dna mapping from technology out of forensic science in law enforcement. For seed standardization in seed. There is going to be a huge demand in the cannabis for seed standardisation when it opens up.

While there are sort of good recommendations here, people seem to be failing to mention that youre going to want to pheno hunt. One pack of one strain, regardless of the breeder, will likely not yield award winning results.

Stands behind every pack sold. If your not happy they will make it right. All breeders vetted. You won’t get some fake blueberry for some fake breeder you’ll get the real deal from DJ short. Best us seed company period. Use coupon code “Dude” for 10% off.

Do they discreetly ship seeds?

Almost every breeder in the US worth their can be ordered from or has a seedbank they have gear with. Some great breeders are

I just took the plunge and assumed it was safe if everyone else is doing it. It worked out well so I guess my advice is don't worry? Probably bad advice.

Obviously I don't want to be giving out my credit card information and address to get in trouble but I have never done this before, any tips?

prepaid gift cards at walmart, there is like a 5 dollar charge for it. They only have like 25/50/100 cards, none of the set your amount type, at least not at my walmart. i'd use attitude seedbank if i were you, they have guaranteed shipping options.

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Note that peat pellets are great for planting in soil or coco coir, but they do not work with a hydroponic setup. For that, you should use rapid rooters.

But you don’t need any propagator at all.

Germinating Cannabis Seeds Using Paper Towels

If you are on a bit of a budget, you can forgo the propagator and just use peat pellets on their own. You could even make a DIY propagator by simply using some kind of plastic cover.

The tap root as popped out a fare bit on my banana tangie, ive put into small pot the correct way moist
Do i keep in the dark place untill pops

You can save a bit of money by skipping the propagator and just rigging something up yourself (or not using any type of covering at all), which is what we’ll cover next.

These bulbs contain mercury and metal halides, produce a blueish light, and are commonly used for vegetative growth. They require a ballast to regulate the current. In the past, ballasts have been big and bulky, but digital ones are now available.

Some grow lights are more expensive than others, but also more efficient, saving money in the long run. Some lights are bulky with many parts, some light in weight, and some are better suited for young or mature plants.

HIDs have been the standard in indoor weed growing for decades, but LEDs are quickly catching up to them.

MH (Metal halide)

Ventilation is also a concern. If you’re growing in a tight space with a light that runs hot, you’ll need to have fans in there, which also take up space. If there’s not enough room for a light and a fan, you may need to invest in a light that doesn’t run as hot, such as an LED. For example, grow tents are usually built tall to allow room for equipment up top, not to grow plants all the way to the ceiling.

However, because of their low price, if you’re new to indoor growing and not sure how often you’ll do it, you may want to invest in an inexpensive HID light at first to test the water.

Power equals poundage, so if you want big yields you’ll need more wattage. Professional LEDs can start at as little as 200 watts, and go up from there. A high-watt light can double the work of several low-watt bulbs.

Both types of HIDs are usually inexpensive to buy but will eat up electricity. HIDs throw off a lot of light and heat, which the plants need to bulk up and get potent. But, they run hot, contain heavy metals, and ballasts can fail.